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56.20.520 205 mm x 75 mm x 53 mm Mummiform shabti wearing a tripartite wig with striations added in the carving except for the lower ends of the lappets that are left plain. The arms are crossed, and the hands emerge from the shroud to hold a pair of hoes added in relief. A basket is carried behind the left shoulder. The face is very well defined. It is round in shape, and has full cheeks. The nose is a little abraded. The eyes have short cosmetic lines in shallow relief, and the eyes lids are quite fleshy. The ears are well defined. A wesekhâ€“collar is worn across the chest comprising three rows of beads on strands. A vertical column of fairly neatly incised inscription carved in light relief, coloured in black and in between red borders, names the owner as Ra-messuâ€“hesy. His name appears in Ranke p. 219, no. 5. This shabti belongs to a particularly small group known for various private individuals that are inscribed with a magical text known as the Khaâ€“emâ€“waset or Khamaus formula. Khaâ€“emâ€“ waset, a son of Ramesses II, was the instigator of this unusual magical inscription that is considered to have raised â€˜the owner of the shabti to a higher, divine level, and to make him a citizen, as it were, of the sacred region of Roâ€“setau.â€™ Roâ€“setau was originally the name for the necropolis at Memphis, Saqqara and Giza, but it eventually came to specify the entrance to the underworld that could be represented by a tomb shaft or simply a natural hole in the ground. Sokar was the principal god of Roâ€“setau, and although Osiris, Isis and Horus were part of the domain, it was the sun god Re through whom the deceased sought eternal existence from its life giving rays.
Shabti Ra---messu---hesy limestone World Museum Liverpool D1952 20 520.jpg
3DImages on 2018-06-24 14:31:49
World Museum, Liverpool, UK
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